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José Martí, the United States, and Race$
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Anne Fountain

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780813049748

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: January 2015

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813049748.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use.date: 06 July 2022

Martí and Race, an Overview

Martí and Race, an Overview

(p.12) 2 Martí and Race, an Overview
José Martí, the United States, and Race

Anne Fountain

University Press of Florida

Chapter two provides an overview of José Martí’s writing on race and what notable historians and critics have written about Martí and racial issues. It offers brief historical background on nineteenth-century Cuba and a comparative look at slavery in Cuba and in the United States. Key Martí works on race are discussed: the essay “Mi raza” (My race), poem number 30 of Versos sencillos, the famous essay “Nuestra América” (Our America), and the Montecristi Manifesto of 1895. This chapter describes films on Martí’s life. La rosa blanca (The White Rose) and El ojo del canario (The Eye of the Canary) and presents the perspectives of major scholars, including Fernando Ortiz, Charles Hatfield, Alejandro de la Fuente, Aline Helg, Ada Ferrer, Lillian Guerra, Jorge Camacho, Louis A. Pérez Jr., Lourdes Martínez-Echazábal, Ivan Schulman, and Oscar Montero. It also raises translation questions in regard to race.

Keywords:   Slavery in Cuba, “Nuestra América”, José Martí

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