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José Martí, the United States, and Race$
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Anne Fountain

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780813049748

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: January 2015

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813049748.001.0001

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Black Cubans in the United States

Black Cubans in the United States

(p.34) 3 Black Cubans in the United States
José Martí, the United States, and Race

Anne Fountain

University Press of Florida

In the United States, Martí was able to work closely and have sustained contacts with Afro-Antilleans. He collaborated with an Afro-Cuban, Rafael Serra, at La Liga de Instrucción, an educational endeavour for working-class people of color, and he worked with Cubans and Puerto Ricans of African heritage at the newspaper Patria, which first appeared in 1892. He promoted a revolution that would embrace all without regard to color, through the bases of the Cuban Revolutionary Party. In Florida, Martí stayed in the home of a black couple, Ruperto and Paulina Pedroso, and earned their fervent admiration. Visits to Tampa and Key West allowed Martí to see blacks and whites working together harmoniously in the cigar factories and to discover the function of the lector, the cigar floor reader. This chapter highlights the warm personal relations that Martí established with black Cubans and describes his contact with authors of antislavery works.

Keywords:   Rafael Serra, La Liga de Instrucción, Cuban Revolutionary Party, Tampa, Key West, Cigar factories, Afro-Cubans

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