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José Martí, the United States, and Race$
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Anne Fountain

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780813049748

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: January 2015

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813049748.001.0001

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African Americans And The Post–Civil War United States

African Americans And The Post–Civil War United States

(p.48) 4 African Americans And The Post–Civil War United States
José Martí, the United States, and Race

Anne Fountain

University Press of Florida

Martí was witness to unhappy consequences of the U.S. Civil War, including a post-Reconstruction era in the South full of violence and repression. He reported on lynchings of blacks throughout the 1880s and on a black man burned to death in Texarkana in 1892. He also wrote of education for African Americans as a path to progress. In his much-studied 1886 chronicle of the Charleston earthquake he gave specific and often stereotypical descriptors of blacks as a race. Martí showed the difficulties blacks experienced in the face of white resentment in the South, but he also recorded success stories in the North. He offered reports of curious cases involving blacks in the U.S. South, without disparaging the African Americans. Martí’s call for justice is echoed in the poetry of Cuba’s national poet, Nicolás Guillén, in the twentieth century.

Keywords:   U.S. Civil War, Post-Reconstruction era, Lynching, Charleston earthquake, White resentment, U.S. South, Nicolás Guillén

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