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José Martí, the United States, and Race$
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Anne Fountain

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780813049748

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: January 2015

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813049748.001.0001

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Chronicles of the Crusaders

Chronicles of the Crusaders

(p.59) 5 Chronicles of the Crusaders
José Martí, the United States, and Race

Anne Fountain

University Press of Florida

This chapter records how Martí’s years in the United States coincided with the nation’s reliving of many aspects of the Civil War and the decades of abolitionism by clergymen, reformers, former slaves, and writers. Accounts in the U.S. press about these topics provided Martí with abundant material for his chronicles. He described a slave sale in South Carolina and praised Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation. He also offered many profiles of U.S. abolitionists, giving special attention to Harriet Beecher Stowe, John Brown, William Lloyd Garrison, and Frederick Douglass. In his treatment of abolitionism he praised Uncle Tom’s Cabin and endorsed John Brown’s raid at Harpers Ferry. Martí’s assessment of Frederick Douglass was tempered by dismay over Douglass’s role as U.S. envoy to Haiti.

Keywords:   Abolitionists, Emancipation Proclamation, Harriet Beecher Stowe, Uncle Tom’s Cabin, John Brown, William Lloyd Garrison, Frederick Douglass

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