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José Martí, the United States, and Race$
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Anne Fountain

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780813049748

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: January 2015

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813049748.001.0001

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Native Americans and “Nuestra América”

Native Americans and “Nuestra América”

(p.77) 6 Native Americans and “Nuestra América”
José Martí, the United States, and Race

Anne Fountain

University Press of Florida

This chapter traces José Martí’s contacts with and comments on indigenous communities in the Americas, beginning with those in Mexico and Guatemala. In his chronicles about the United States, he wrote extensively about Indians being pushed off their land and about government policies regarding American Indians. His account of the Oklahoma land rush of 1889 contrasted the plight of Indians with the opening of western lands to European settlers. The chapter also shows how Martí learned of Latin America’s pre-Columbian civilizations from sources in the United States. Finally, chapter six demonstrates the importance of Martí’s translation of the Helen Hunt Jackson novel, Ramona, into Spanish and how the translation is a bridge to “Nuestra América” and that essay’s defining portrait of the role of the indigenous in Latin America.

Keywords:   Indigenous communities, American Indians, Oklahoma land rush, Pre-Columbian civilizations, Ramona, “Nuestra América”

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