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José Martí, the United States, and Race$
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Anne Fountain

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780813049748

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: January 2015

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813049748.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use.date: 06 July 2022

Challenging the Colossus Responses to U.S. Racism

Challenging the Colossus Responses to U.S. Racism

(p.105) 8 Challenging the Colossus Responses to U.S. Racism
José Martí, the United States, and Race

Anne Fountain

University Press of Florida

This chapter depicts the racial climate of Martí’s time and how it affected his writing and his plans for a Cuban republic that would be free of both Spain and the United States. It provides historical background on Cuba/U.S. relations over slavery, including information about the 1839 Amistad slave revolt that was made famous by a 1998 Steven Spielberg film. The chapter describes the importance of travel literature in conveying impressions about Cuba to the U.S. public and tells of Frederic Remington’s negative characterizations of Cuba. It reveals how U.S. racism was countered by Martí’s 1889 editorial, “Vindication of Cuba,” sent to the New York Evening Post. The chapter concludes by illustrating the ways in which Martí’s works are important even today in confronting U.S. racism.

Keywords:   Racial climate, Amistad slave revolt, Travel literature, Frederic Remington, U.S. racism, “Vindication of Cuba”

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