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Creole RenegadesRhetoric of Betrayal and Guilt in the Caribbean Diaspora$
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Benedicte Boisseron

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780813049793

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2014

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813049793.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use.date: 05 August 2021

Maryse Condé’s Histoire de la femme cannibale

Maryse Condé’s Histoire de la femme cannibale

Coming Out in the French Antilles

(p.57) 2 Maryse Condé’s Histoire de la femme cannibale
Creole Renegades

Bénédicte Boisseron

University Press of Florida

This chapter explores the culture of transatlantic commuting in the islands of Martinique and Guadeloupe. It uses the life and work of the Guadeloupean Maryse Condé, and particularly the recurrent theme of homosexuality in her work, as a case study. Relying heavily on the work of the Martinican Frantz Fanon (Peau noire, masques blancs), the study draws an unprecedented parallel between the makoumé (homosexual, in Creole) and the débarqué (returnee). It proposes a theory of homosexuality as the symbolic site of denied access to return. Fanon has famously contended that the homosexual exists elsewhere but not in the Antilles. Fanon's old view, as the chapter argues, applies today to the departee: after coming out, there is no way back for the one who left the Antilles.

Keywords:   Antilles, débarqué, makoumé, Condé, Fanon, Guadeloupe, Martinique, homosexuality, transatlantic commuting, return

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