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Tracing ChildhoodBioarchaeological Investigations of Early Lives in Antiquity$
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Jennifer L. Thompson, Marta P. Alfonso-Durruty, and John J. Crandall

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780813049830

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2014

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813049830.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use.date: 22 September 2021

Childhood, Colonialism, and Nation-Building

Childhood, Colonialism, and Nation-Building

Child Labor in Virginia and New York

(p.159) 8 Childhood, Colonialism, and Nation-Building
Tracing Childhood

Autumn Barrett

University Press of Florida

This study investigates the role of children's labor in Virginia and New York during the seventeenth to nineteenth centuries. Free and enslaved children comprised part of the labor forces that built the economies and provided future generations of workers within these former European colonies. Childhood and Adulthood, as conceptual products of the European enlightenment, were employed by colonial and postcolonial elites to justify exploitation. Documentary analyses of Virginia laws, court cases, and indenture documents in Virginia are discussed in relation to femoral MSM frequencies in enslaved subadults of the New York African Burial Ground population. The author argues that the documentary and skeletal records demonstrate how race, class, and gender were constructed within the contexts of childhood, patterning children's labor and access to resources.

Keywords:   Childhood, Labor, Race, Gender, Indenture, New York African Burial Ground, Virginia

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