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Nation within a NationThe American South and the Federal Government$
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Glenn Feldman

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780813049878

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2014

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813049878.001.0001

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“Negroes, the New Deal, and…Karl Marx”

“Negroes, the New Deal, and…Karl Marx”

Southern Antistatism in Depression and War

(p.102) 3 “Negroes, the New Deal, and…Karl Marx”
Nation within a Nation

Jason Morgan Ward

University Press of Florida

Jason Morgan Ward explores southern attitudes toward the New Deal. While Gene Talmadge, the Rev. Thomas W. Dixon, and their corporate sponsors’ 1936 Macon, Georgia, efforts to tar the New Deal as a racial revolution met resistance and even some ridicule, the vanguard hammered the idea that federal power threatened the southern status quo on race. With time the region's most confirmed white supremacists and industrial powers damned FDR for using the New Deal as a Trojan Horse to upset southern racial customs and bring social equality to Dixie; right-wing industrialists especially adamant that federal regulation would destroy their racialized, preferred, version of capitalism. Ward demonstrates that these charges became increasingly common after World War II with Rooseveltianism being equated to totalitarianism. By comparing the New Deal to slavery, federal officials to carpetbaggers, and racial liberals to Nazis, Ward argues, later segregationists fused a racially-charged antistatism that threw up considerable resistance to the civil rights movement and continues to affect American politics today.

Keywords:   New Deal, Macon, Georgia, Eugene Talmadge, World War II, Politics, Race

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