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Revolutionary CubaA History$
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Luis Martínez-Fernández

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780813049953

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: January 2015

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813049953.001.0001

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This Revolution Can Destroy Itself

This Revolution Can Destroy Itself

Cuba at the Dawn of the New Millennium, 2001–2011

Chapter:
(p.228) 7 This Revolution Can Destroy Itself
Source:
Revolutionary Cuba
Author(s):

Luis Martínez-Fernández

Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:10.5744/florida/9780813049953.003.0008

Chapter 7 looks at the first decade of the twenty-first century, a time of profound global economic and political realignments. During this period Cuba established a strong alliance with Venezuela, which represented massive economic aid for the struggling island. As the United States became increasingly alienated within the hemisphere, Cuba tightened relations with most Latin American countries as well as with Canada, Russia, China, and Iran. The chapter also covers the gradual phasing out of the sugar industry as the economy moved aggressively to mining, tourism, and the service sector. Oil extraction seemed possible but failed to materialize. A central aspect of this chapter is the transfer of power from Fidel to Raul. The latter brought a more conciliatory and pragmatic governing style and has since implemented numerous economic reforms, including reducing the role of the state as sole provider of employment and services. While there was a transition at the top level, Cuba continued to be ruled by ageing veterans of the revolutionary war. On the side of the opposition, a new generation of leaders emerged with notable visibility of youth, women, and black Cubans, bloggers, and rappers.

Keywords:   Hugo Chavez, Cuba-China relations, Cuban Five, Raul Castro becomes president, repression, Yoani Sanchez, dissidents, rappers, oil industry, sugar phase out

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