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Spies and ShuttlesNASA's Secret Relationships with the DoD and CIA$
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James E. David

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780813049991

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813049991.001.0001

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NASA, the CIA, and Foreign Intelligence during the Apollo Era

NASA, the CIA, and Foreign Intelligence during the Apollo Era

Chapter:
(p.34) Chapter 2 NASA, the CIA, and Foreign Intelligence during the Apollo Era
Source:
Spies and Shuttles
Author(s):

James E. David

Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:10.5744/florida/9780813049991.003.0003

The CIA furnished NASA with virtually all its intelligence on the Soviet space program during the 1960s, particularly on whether there was a lunar landing program competitive with Apollo. NASA occasionally objected to CIA conclusions that there were no such programs, but there is no evidence the CIA ever revised them. Surprisingly, intelligence only affected one NASA mission--changing Apollo 8 from an Earth-orbital to a lunar-orbital flight. As NASA obtained increasing amounts of intelligence, it began to assist the intelligence agencies in analyzing Soviet aeronautical and space programs by dispatching personnel to the CIA, participating in various CIA advisory panels, and using its wind tunnels to analyze Soviet aircraft and missiles.

Keywords:   NASA, CIA, Soviet space program, foreign intelligence, intelligence agencies, Apollo program, Apollo 8

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