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Frontiers of Colonialism$
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Christine D. Beaule

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780813054346

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813054346.001.0001

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Haudenosaunee Settlement Ecology before and after Contact in Northeastern North America

Haudenosaunee Settlement Ecology before and after Contact in Northeastern North America

Chapter:
(p.31) 2 Haudenosaunee Settlement Ecology before and after Contact in Northeastern North America
Source:
Frontiers of Colonialism
Author(s):

Eric E. Jones

Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:10.5744/florida/9780813054346.003.0002

This chapter compares the settlement ecology—factors influencing settlement location choices, settlement size, and settlement relocation—of Haudenosaunee (Iroquois) communities in northeastern North America predating the arrival of Europeans, to early Colonial Period communities. It enhances understanding of Haudenosaunee reactions to the introduction of European societies, politics, economics, ecologies, and ideologies in the region. Results suggest that settlement location choices changed very little after Europeans arrived. Either the landscape changed little from the Haudenosaunee perspective, or Haudenosaunee communities were not significantly influenced by the changes that did occur, although particular landscape features related to agricultural subsistence activities did shift. The chapter investigates these large-scale trends and explores the ecology of Haudenosaunee settlement patterns and processes before and during early colonialism. Results are supplemented with existing data on community life to create a multiscalar view of Haudenosaunee settlement ecology as it relates to the advent of colonialism in northeastern North America.

Keywords:   settlement ecology, North America, Iroquois, colonialism, settlement patterns, Europeans

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