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Frontiers of Colonialism$
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Christine D. Beaule

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780813054346

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813054346.001.0001

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The Romans in Britain

The Romans in Britain

Colonization on an Imperial Frontier

(p.89) 4 The Romans in Britain
Frontiers of Colonialism

Richard Hingley

University Press of Florida

This chapter addresses the ways in which Roman colonization operated within the Roman Empire’s province of Britannia during the first century CE, and analyzes theoretical aproaches to colonialism, colonisation, Romanisation, and imperalism. Roman colonies were formally established settlements of Roman citizens and several existed in Britain. But Britain was also colonized through additional mechanisms, including large-scale migration, a substantial military presence, and an incorporative imperial culture. Questions about the extent to which the indigenous people became Romanized or retained native ways are explored, and the chapter questions how thoroughly indigenous frontier populations adopted colonists’ ideologies and material culture. The evidence suggests a wide range of different responses to colonial contact and control, issues that have been drawn upon by the British in their colonial activities over the past centuries.

Keywords:   Romanisation, Britannia, Roman Empire, Colonisation, Frontier

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