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Life and Death on the NileA Bioethnography of Three Ancient Nubian Communities$
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George J. Armelagos and Dennis P. Van Gerven

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780813054452

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: May 2018

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813054452.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use.date: 02 August 2021

Life and Death on the Nile

Life and Death on the Nile

(p.1) 1 Life and Death on the Nile
Life and Death on the Nile

George J. Armelagos

Dennis P. Van Gerven

University Press of Florida

Physical anthropology in Nubia has contributed to three intellectual movements, each of which was a result of archaeological surveys associated with the construction of successively higher dams at Aswan in Egypt. The analysis of human remains excavated by the first survey was guided by the then strongly held belief that the capacity for cultural achievement was determined by the racial attributes of Nubian populations. The role of the physical anthropologist was to establish the racial types associated with the rise and fall of Nubian civilizations. The second survey resulted in a critical reaction to racial determinism in which racial attributes were viewed as independent of cultural achievement. The third produced the third intellectual shift and informs the theoretical basis of this volume. Known as the biocultural perspective, the focus is on the interaction between the biology of human populations and the cultural and natural environments in which they exist.

Keywords:   Racial determinism, Biocultural, Biocultural perspective, Archaeological surveys, Aswan

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