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Life and Death on the NileA Bioethnography of Three Ancient Nubian Communities$
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George J. Armelagos and Dennis P. Van Gerven

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780813054452

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: May 2018

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813054452.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use.date: 02 August 2021

Skulls, Races, and Evolution

Skulls, Races, and Evolution

(p.34) 2 Skulls, Races, and Evolution
Life and Death on the Nile

George J. Armelagos

Dennis P. Van Gerven

University Press of Florida

In this chapter, we present our studies of functional cranial morphology and evolution from Mesolithic through Christian times. The chapter includes an overview of the univariate and multivariate statistical techniques we used. By using these techniques, we were able to demonstrate patterns of facial reduction—most particularly reductions in the chewing apparatus—that is consistent with the dietary shift from the course, abrasive diet associated with Mesolithic populations to the higher-carbohydrate, more-processed diet associated with Neolithic food production. This transition from gathering to food-producing technologies, seen in the correlation between facial reduction and food production, is consistent in other populations beyond the Nile Valley.

Keywords:   Univariate statistics, Multivariate statistics, Cranial morphology, Diet, Facial reduction, Mesolithic, Christian, Neolithic

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