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Life and Death on the NileA Bioethnography of Three Ancient Nubian Communities$
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George J. Armelagos and Dennis P. Van Gerven

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780813054452

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: May 2018

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813054452.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use.date: 18 September 2021

Health and Disease

Health and Disease

The Children

(p.64) 3 Health and Disease
Life and Death on the Nile

George J. Armelagos

Dennis P. Van Gerven

University Press of Florida

In this chapter, we will present our research on the patterns of physiological stress and disease among the infants and children in our three Nubian communities. The discussion will begin with the methods employed in the estimation of demographic variables, such as sex, age at death, and life expectancy. These variables will provide the context for our subsequent investigations of stress and mortality as a result of the nutritional and infectious disease challenges faced by infants and children at both Wadi Halfa and Kulubnarti. Conditions such as cribra orbitalia, enamel hypoplasia, and enamel microdefects will be the focus of the analyses. Comparisons of the conditions within and between these populations has provided us with important insight into the impact of gender, social status, and economic opportunity on the health and wellbeing of communities at large.

Keywords:   Physiological stress, Nutritional disease, Infectious disease, Age at death, Life expectancy, Cribra orbitalia, Enamel hypoplasoia, Microdefects, Infants and Children

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