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Historical Archaeology of Early Modern Colonialism in Asia-PacificThe Southwest Pacific and Oceanian Regions$
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Maria Cruz Berrocal and Cheng-hwa Tsang

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780813054759

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: May 2018

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813054759.001.0001

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Jesuit Missionary Work in the Mariana Islands (1668–1769)

Jesuit Missionary Work in the Mariana Islands (1668–1769)

Chapter:
(p.219) 9 Jesuit Missionary Work in the Mariana Islands (1668–1769)
Source:
Historical Archaeology of Early Modern Colonialism in Asia-Pacific
Author(s):

Alexandre Coello De La Rosa

Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:10.5744/florida/9780813054759.003.0009

Placing the Jesuit missions into a global phenomenon that emphasizes economic and cultural relations between Europe and the East, this chapter analyzes the possibilities and limitations of religious conversion in the Micronesian islands of Guam and the Marianas. With the establishment of these strategic missions placed at the route of the Manila’s Galleon, Guam and the Marianas were drawn politically, ideologically, and economically into the larger Spanish colonial world. This chapter contributes to understanding both the role of the Jesuits’ global mission and the origins of global consciousness in the “Pacific world” from the sixteenth to the eighteenth centuries. An understanding of the “Pacific world,” one of great diversity and territorial dispersion, will, as Professor John H. Elliot has argued, allow us to transcend anachronistic national and regional boundaries and write a transnational history on one of the most dynamic regions of the Hispaniarum Rex. In doing so, this chapter focuses not only on the archival research but also on the profiting of archaeological excavations—stone forts, churches, and shipwrecks—and cultural anthropology. This interdisciplinary approach helps us analyze and understand the effects of the evangelization process in the age of European colonial expansion and commercial capitalism.

Keywords:   Marianas, Guam, Jesuits, Evangelization, Pacific world

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