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Postnational Perspectives on Contemporary Hispanic Literature$
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Heike Scharm and Natalia Matta-Jara

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780813054940

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: May 2018

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813054940.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use.date: 22 September 2021

Voluntary Exiles, New Identities, and the Emergence of a Postnational Sensibility in Contemporary Latin American Literature

Voluntary Exiles, New Identities, and the Emergence of a Postnational Sensibility in Contemporary Latin American Literature

Chapter:
(p.128) 6 Voluntary Exiles, New Identities, and the Emergence of a Postnational Sensibility in Contemporary Latin American Literature
Source:
Postnational Perspectives on Contemporary Hispanic Literature
Author(s):

Francisco Brignole

Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:10.5744/florida/9780813054940.003.0007

Brignole explores the question of postnational identity by proposing a reading of three novels that signal a transition point in the literature of exile and displacement in Latin America. The characters portrayed in El síndrome de Ulises (2005) by Santiago Gamboa, Travesuras de la niña mala(2006) by Mario Vargas Llosa, and El exilio voluntario (2009) by Claudio Ferrufino-Coqueugniot are the fictional counterparts of a new generation of voluntary exiles that has started to replace, in diachronic progression, the traditional figures of leftist revolutionaries and political exiles. The typical voluntary exile is not fixated on an attempt to recover a lost identity, like the traditional exile, nor does he attempt to assimilate into the cultural make-up of the new countries he inhabits, like the immigrant. Instead, he remains in an indefinite state of “foreignness” by adopting an interstitial position, located somewhere between those of the exile and the immigrant. Instead of assigning unwarranted importance to a nation, an ideology, or a race, the protagonists of these novels project a new postnational sensibility. They emphasize the shared experience of all exiles, draw attention to the futility of borders, and forge productive fraternal bonds with individuals coming from different cultural heritages.

Keywords:   postnational identity, voluntary exile, Santiago Gamboa, Mario Vargas Llosa, Claudio Ferrufino-Coqueugniot

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