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Landscapes of the ItzaArchaeology and Art History at Chichen Itza and Neighboring Sites$
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Linnea Wren, Cynthia Kristan-Graham, Travis Nygard, and Kaylee Spencer

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780813054964

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2018

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813054964.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use.date: 25 June 2022

The Least Earth

The Least Earth

Curated Landscapes at Chichen Itza

(p.226) 8 The Least Earth
Landscapes of the Itza

Cynthia Kristan-Graham

University Press of Florida

This chapter concerns landscapes at Chichen Itza, including actual terrain and two- and three-dimensional representations of landscape. The focus is the Mercado, a gallery-patio building, the largest structure in the Group of the Thousand Columns, an elite walled compound in the site center. The Mercado is a performative space for elite lineage rituals, and its carved and painted dais functioned as a throne. The throne’s embellishment—which includes a sky-earth profile, skybands, and processions of bound figures—suggests a primordial place of origin, fertility, and political authority. The chapter also discusses more broadly the power of landscape in establishing identity, the trope of walking at Chichen Itza, and associated Yucatec Maya moral codes.

Keywords:   Chichen Itza, Landscape, Group of the Thousand Columns, Mercado, Gallery-patio

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