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Reading the BonesActivity, Biology, and Culture$
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Elizabeth Weiss

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780813054988

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: May 2018

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813054988.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use.date: 19 September 2021

Stress Fractures

Stress Fractures

Chapter:
(p.95) 5 Stress Fractures
Source:
Reading the Bones
Author(s):

Elizabeth Weiss

Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:10.5744/florida/9780813054988.003.0005

Stress fractures (or fatigue fractures) are covered in this chapter. Stress fractures are assumed to occur due to microcracks from repetitive forces that accumulate to result in a complete bone break, but these fractures can result from a single traumatic event. The most common location for stress fractures is the vertebral column; two common vertebral stress fractures include spondylolysis and clay-shoveler’s fractures. Spondylolysis fractures, which occur on the lumbar vertebrae, are the most often reported stress fractures. Non-activity causes of stress fractures and the closely related stress hernias, called Schmorl’s nodes, have been found in twin studies; these fractures and hernias seem to be correlated with normal anatomical variation found in the vertebral column. These anatomical variations are likely determined by genes.

Keywords:   anatomical variation, clay-shoveler’s fracture, microcracks, Schmorl’s nodes, spondylolysis, stress fractures

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