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An Archaeology of Structural ViolenceLife in a Twentieth-Century Coal Town$
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Michael P. Roller

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780813056081

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: May 2019

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813056081.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use.date: 21 May 2022

Migration, Part 1

Migration, Part 1

The Social and Material Landscape of the Company Town

(p.77) 4 Migration, Part 1
An Archaeology of Structural Violence

Michael P. Roller

University Press of Florida

Chapter 4 examines the material dimensions of structural violence underpinning the explicit subjective violence of the massacre. The chapter outlines the history of migration to the Anthracite region’s company towns, explicating the material and spatial factors creating and maintaining the racialized labor hierarchy. Specifically, the chapter describes the development of shanty towns on the periphery of company-built housing around the last two decades of the nineteenth century. This chapter concludes that these ethnic enclaves mark out new spaces of exception in the landscape of the town. Their presence materializes ownership’s new dependence upon immigrant surplus labor pools and mechanized work processes to capitalize upon the exigencies of the industry, economic depression, stiff competition, and an increasingly organized craft labor force.

Keywords:   Anthracite Region, company towns, migration, labor hierarcy, shanty towns, immigrant labor

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