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An Archaeology of AbundanceReevaluating the Marginality of California's Islands$
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Kristina M. Gill, Mikael Fauvelle, and Jon M. Erlandson

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780813056166

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2019

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813056166.001.0001

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Archaeology, Historical Ecology, and Marginality

Archaeology, Historical Ecology, and Marginality

Global Implications of the California Islands for Island Settlement and Sustainability

(p.273) 10 Archaeology, Historical Ecology, and Marginality
An Archaeology of Abundance

Scott M. Fitzpatrick

Jon M. Erlandson

Kristina M. Gill

Mikael Fauvelle

Jon M. Erlandson

University Press of Florida

The California Islands provide a case study that suggests that historical depictions of many islands as marginal environments for hunter-gatherers have been exaggerated by the ecological effects of the introduction of exotic plants and animals, historically or prehistorically. The perception of island marginality is traditionally based on variables ranging from island size to remoteness, isolation, and limited resources. Located near a continent, the California Islands are neither remote nor isolated, and they now appear to have been richer in plant foods, marine resources, minerals, fuel, and freshwater, than previously believed. We discuss these issues and explore the implications for other islands around the world where similar transformations have affected views about their marginality for human settlement and sustainability.

Keywords:   Island marginality, Sustainability, California Islands

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