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Global Garveyism$
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Ronald J. Stephens and Adam Ewing

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780813056210

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2019

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813056210.001.0001

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“Hidden” in Plain Sight

“Hidden” in Plain Sight

Toward a History of Garveyite Women in South Africa and the Increased Visibility of Africa in Global Garveyism

(p.182) 7 “Hidden” in Plain Sight
Global Garveyism

Robert Trent Vinson

University Press of Florida

This chapter is an initial attempt to recover the overlooked histories of Garveyite women in Africa. During the 1920s and 1930s, working within the South African Garveyite movement inaugurated by Wellington Buthelezi, African women in the Transkei indigenized global Garveyism to further their objective of African self-determination, particularly in their political, religious and educational lives. Regarded as apolitical tribal “natives” by government officials and as legal minors and social children by both black and white men, Garveyite women adopted transnational “American” identities to assert themselves as political actors, moving freely throughout the country to prophesy “American Negro” deliverance and to organize hundreds of independent churches and independent schools.

Keywords:   South Africa, Transkei, Garveyism, Wellington Buthelezi, African women, Independent churches, Independent schools, African self-determination

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