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British Forts and Their CommunitiesArchaeological and Historical Perspectives$
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Christopher R. DeCorse and Zachary J. M. Beier

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780813056753

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2018

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813056753.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use.date: 28 September 2021

At the Margins of Empire

At the Margins of Empire

British Colonial Policy and the Military Community on Carleton Island (1778–1784)

(p.70) 3 At the Margins of Empire
British Forts and Their Communities

Douglas J. Pippin

University Press of Florida

British policy in the American Colonies—leading up to the Revolutionary War—restricted colonial expansion and discouraged settlement on the frontier. When that war broke out, maintaining control of the Great Lakes region was complicated by the lack of civilian communities. At the head of the St. Lawrence River, Carleton Island functioned as a shipping depot, refugee base, and military hub between the upper posts and the cities of Montréal and Québec. Archaeological and historical evidence indicates that the active transport at Carleton Island led to a diverse population with respect to nationality, ethnicity, occupation, and socioeconomic status. By examining not just the soldiers, however, but the Carleton Island community in a broader context, a greater understanding emerges for postwar British settlement pattern in Upper Canada.

Keywords:   Carleton Island, Upper Canada, Colonial expansion

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