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British Forts and Their CommunitiesArchaeological and Historical Perspectives$
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Christopher R. DeCorse and Zachary J. M. Beier

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780813056753

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2018

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813056753.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use.date: 23 September 2021

Enslaved Africans and the British Military at the Brimstone Hill Fortress, St. Kitts, West Indies

Enslaved Africans and the British Military at the Brimstone Hill Fortress, St. Kitts, West Indies

Chapter:
(p.178) 7 Enslaved Africans and the British Military at the Brimstone Hill Fortress, St. Kitts, West Indies
Source:
British Forts and Their Communities
Author(s):

Gerald F. Schroedl

Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:10.5744/florida/9780813056753.003.0008

Brimstone Hill Fortress (1690–1854) is a British colonial era fortification located on the northwest coast of St. Kitts in the eastern Caribbean. In the eighteenth century, it became the centerpiece of island defenses. While serving as a refuge from foreign invasion, its massive construction and garrison projected military power to foreign enemies and provided domestic security from the threat of slave revolts. This chapter uses historic records and excavations at six locations to demonstrate the multiethnic dimensions and multifaceted relationships of the fort’s occupants, including British officers and enlisted men, Black militia, West India Regiments, and enslaved Africans. A primary research goal is to underscore how Brimstone Hill reflects broad patterns of British colonial hegemony that shaped the lives of African and Creole people before and after emancipation (1834).

Keywords:   St. Kitts, Brimstone Hill, Enslaved Africans, West India Regiments

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