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Children and Childhood in Bioarchaeology$
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Patrick Beauchesne and Sabrina C. Agarwal

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780813056807

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: January 2019

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813056807.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use.date: 23 September 2021

A Childhood of Violence

A Childhood of Violence

A Bioarchaeological Comparison of Mass Death Assemblages from Ancient Peru

(p.171) 5 A Childhood of Violence
Children and Childhood in Bioarchaeology

J. Marla Toyne

University Press of Florida

While the bioarchaeology of children has slowly become a vital part of archaeological method and practice, one unexplored area includes the violent death of children in ritual or combat. Patterns of perimortem cut marks and blunt force skeletal trauma demonstrate that children were treated to the same degree and type of violent skeletal trauma as the (male) adults in three large archaeological death assemblages dating to the Late Intermediate/Late Horizon (A.D. 1300–1532) in the Andes: Túcume, on the northern coast, Punta Lobos, on the central coast, and Kuelap, in the northeastern montane highlands. They reflect, respectively, a complex sacrificial practice, a possible political execution, and a directed massacre. This chapter explores both the lack of expected distinction between a juvenile’s and adult’s experiences of violence and how this expands our understanding of the Andean past, revealing that, in death, perhaps as in life, children were important social actors.

Keywords:   Bioarchaeology, Ritual violence, Skeletal trauma, Death assemblage, Andes

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