Current Perspectives on Skeletal Development
The analysis of cortical and trabecular bone development morphology offers a lens through which general biological processes of skeletal ontogeny can be viewed. These, in turn, establish a foundation upon which biocultural reconstructions of childhood can proceed. In this chapter, the authors draw on skeletal data generated by their systematic cortical and trabecular bone research agenda from a Norris Farms’ archaeological skeletal collection using high resolution microCT imaging combined with new, age-segmented, gait data from extant children. The age-related changes in bone structure, geometry, and architecture are linked to the development of biomechanical competence over the course of three significant transitions in a human’s life course. This chapter identifies transitions and variations in human skeletal biology, skeletal morphology, and bipedal gait as dynamic records of development. These types of ontogenetic studies provide empirical data, which function as a portal to address fundamental issues of interest to anthropologists. Examples of the types of anthropological interests include, but are not limited to, reconstructing past health and behavior; understanding the dynamics of bone growth, size, and shape; interpreting skeletal variation; and providing insight into the fossil record.
Florida Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.
If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.