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Immigration and National Identities in Latin America$
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Nicola Foote and Michael Goebel

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780813060002

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813060002.001.0001

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Migrants, Nations, and Empires in Transition

Migrants, Nations, and Empires in Transition

Native Claims in the Greater Caribbean, 1850s–1930s

(p.30) (p.31) 1 Migrants, Nations, and Empires in Transition
Immigration and National Identities in Latin America

Lara Putnam

University Press of Florida

This chapter traces the entangled history of labor migration and immigration restriction in the Greater Caribbean’s Spanish-speaking republics (especially Venezuela, Panama, Costa Rica, Cuba, and the Dominican Republic) and British colonies (especially Jamaica, Trinidad, and Barbados). The expansion of U.S. informal empire and associated export production fuelled intraregional migration in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, but by the mid-1920s the rise of eugenics and nativist populism in the United States and elsewhere fed an international wave of race-based anti-immigrant laws that truncated popular mobility. While the region’s Afro-Caribbean families were those most affected, this chapter also highlights the related scapegoating of Chinese and Syrian traders, and the impact of the interwar era’s racialized nationalisms on Indo-Caribbean identities and alliances.

Keywords:   Jamaica, Trinidad, Barbados, Panama, Costa Rica, Venezuela

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