This chapter focuses on the religious context in the treatment of black people. Within the matrix of gender and race, anxieties of lineage and reproduction emerged that would become rooted in secular literature. A number of medieval commentaries do not exhibit clear lines of transmission between Jewish commentators and Christian thinkers. However, there are several other documented examples of the sharing of cultural and religious beliefs, including the disputations of 15th-century Spain. The chapter examines the importance of everyday contact between cultures in the Crusader kingdoms, Sicily, Spain, and around the Mediterranean basin as well as European cities. These provided the opportunity for casual exchange of beliefs and tales. It also discusses the importance of the use of women as gifts between men in some societies.
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