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La FloridaFive Hundred Years of Hispanic Presence$
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Viviana Díaz Balsera and Rachel A. May

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780813060118

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813060118.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use.date: 29 July 2021

Miami in the Twenty-First Century

Miami in the Twenty-First Century

Still on the Edge?

(p.241) (p.242) 11 Miami in the Twenty-First Century
La Florida

Alex Stepick

Marcos Feldman

University Press of Florida

This chapter argues that race and ethnicity remain fundamental in an evolving Miami, but class is increasingly important. Miami's Anglo, non-Hispanic White population continues the decline that began in 1970s and is now the smallest of the region's three major racial or ethnic groups. At the same time, both the Hispanics and Blacks are becoming increasingly heterogeneous as non-Cuban Hispanics and non-native Blacks, particularly Haitians and West Indians, increase rapidly. A majority of Miami's “Black” and “Brown” minorities remain entrenched in the burgeoning low-wage workforce that sustains the post-industrial urban economy. As in the rest of the U.S., the middle class in Miami has diminished, including the Black middle class. The poor are increasingly non-Cuban Hispanics and those at the top are a mix of Whites, Cubans and non-Cuban Hispanics with a growing sprinkle of Blacks. At the same time as Miami is a transient and increasingly diverse city, there are a growing number of institutions creating deeper and more rooted connections between people and place. Public and private sector Hispanics and private sector Anglos along with a few public sector and non-profit sector Blacks have cooperated to promote gentrification that has transformed a number of neighbourhoods. Primarily private sector Anglos and Hispanics also work together on the boards of non-profits that address needs of the working classes and poor. Finally, grass roots’ organizations and coalitions of the poor have begun to emerge and achieve some victories that reach across ethnic communities.

Keywords:   Miami, race, ethnicity, class, gentrification

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