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Islam and the Americas$
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Aisha Khan

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780813060132

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: January 2016

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813060132.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use.date: 15 October 2019

Fear of a Brown Planet

Fear of a Brown Planet

Pan-Islamism, Black Nationalism, and the Tribal Twenties

(p.92) 5 Fear of a Brown Planet
Islam and the Americas

Nathaniel Deutsch

University Press of Florida

This chapter explores the complex interplay between Pan-Islamism, white supremacy, and black nationalism during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. In examining the writings of figures such as Al-Afghani, Lothrop Stoddard, and Hubert Harrison, surprising influences and parallels, as well as sharp contrasts, emerge. Deutsch suggests that there is a genealogical relationship between the racial ideology of Lothrop Stoddard in the 1920s and the “Clash of Civilizations” theory espoused by Samuel Huntington decades later. He also argues that Malcolm X‘s critique of Christianity and embrace of Islam reflect a much older phenomenon among black intellectuals, including Hubert Harrison, who viewed a resurgent Islam as the chief opponent of the old, white Christian order. Taken together, these sources reveal an ongoing, cosmopolitan engagement with Islam by a wide spectrum of American intellectuals from different racial and ideological backgrounds.

Keywords:   pan-Islamism, black nationalism, Clash of Civilizations, Al-Afghani, Lothrop Stoddard, Hubert Harrison, Samuel Huntington, Malcolm X

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