This chapter argues that the Federal Tobacco Program provided the higher prices tobacco farm families had long sought, but failed to deliver the stability they hoped these would provide. Its primary weakness was its dependence on across-the-board acreage reductions to keep production in line with demand which effectively undermined the small fam families it had been designed to protect. By the 1960s, thousands of small farm families had been forced to take work off farms in order to subsidize their incomes or quit farming tobacco altogether. Despite this, they clung ever tighter to the Federal Tobacco Program—voting to continue its controls via referenda—because of its predictability and the protections it offered from the increasing demands of tobacco manufacturers made regarding cultural practices in the fields.
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