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Building the PastPrehistoric Wooden Post Architecture in the Ohio Valley-Great Lakes$
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Brian G. Redmond and Robert A. Genheimer

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780813060408

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2015

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813060408.001.0001

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Wall Trench Structures in Fort Ancient Villages of Southwestern Ohio and Southeastern Indiana

Wall Trench Structures in Fort Ancient Villages of Southwestern Ohio and Southeastern Indiana

Temporal and Formal Considerations

Chapter:
(p.218) 9 Wall Trench Structures in Fort Ancient Villages of Southwestern Ohio and Southeastern Indiana
Source:
Building the Past
Author(s):

Robert A. Cook

Robert A. Genheimer

Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:10.5744/florida/9780813060408.003.0009

Until recently, only a few Fort Ancient Tradition wall trench structures had been excavated in southwest Ohio and southeast Indiana. Recent investigations at two sites, Guard and Hahn, re-examination of the notes on formerly located wall trench structures, and targeted radiocarbon dating have provided additional data upon which to analyze the variation and timing of this architectural style. This chapter examines wall trench data from nine sites in the Little Miami River Valley. Three categories of wall trenches are identified: complete structures; complete structures with partial wall trenches, referred to as hybrid structures; and, incomplete structures, represented by wall trench segments or partial excavations. Radiometric data indicate that wall trenches were in use as early as the eleventh century A.D. and persisted to as late as the sixteenth century A.D. Archaeological data indicate that wall trench structures became larger and wall posts increased in diameter and spacing through time.

Keywords:   Fort Ancient Tradition, Wall trench structure, Southwest Ohio, Guard site, Hahn site, Little Miami River Valley

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