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Fifty Years of JusticeA History of the U.S. District Court for the Middle District of Florida$
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James M. Denham

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780813060491

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: January 2016

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813060491.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use.date: 21 September 2021

First Amendment, Abortion Rights, Employment Discrimination, and School Desegregation Litigation Runs Its Course, 1992–2000

First Amendment, Abortion Rights, Employment Discrimination, and School Desegregation Litigation Runs Its Course, 1992–2000

Chapter:
(p.271) 14 First Amendment, Abortion Rights, Employment Discrimination, and School Desegregation Litigation Runs Its Course, 1992–2000
Source:
Fifty Years of Justice
Author(s):

James M. Denham

Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:10.5744/florida/9780813060491.003.0014

This chapter focuses on cases involving First Amendment, abortion rights, and employment discrimination cases that came before the Middle District of Florida from 1992 to 2000. School prayer is chronicled and analysed. Numerous cases involving the right to abortion are included, especially litigation involving controversial abortion doctor James Scott Pendergraft. A number of important employment discrimination cases such as plaintiff actions against Publix Supermarkets, Winn-Dixie, and Florida Progress are discussed. Next the chapter turns to desegregation litigation from the 1990s to the present. As of 1990 Duval, Hillsborough, Marion, Lee, Polk, Pinellas, and Orange counties were still under court supervision. Various rulings by Middle District judges pushed these counties closer and closer toward unitary status. The chapter discussed the litigation in those counties and concludes with the Duval, Hillsborough, Orange, and Marion school districts achieving unitary status.

Keywords:   First Amendment, School prayer, Employment Discrimination, Desegregation, Adler v. Duval County School Board (2001), Roe v. Wade (1973), Jacksonville Clergy Consultation Service v. Martinez (1989), Freedom of Access to Clinic Entrances Act (1994), Dowell v. Oklahoma City Board of Education (1991)

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