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Fifty Years of JusticeA History of the U.S. District Court for the Middle District of Florida$
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James M. Denham

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780813060491

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: January 2016

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813060491.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use.date: 21 September 2021

The Middle District and Civil Rights, 1962–1968

The Middle District and Civil Rights, 1962–1968

(p.49) 3 The Middle District and Civil Rights, 1962–1968
Fifty Years of Justice

James M. Denham

University Press of Florida

This chapter includes an extended narrative and analysis of Civil Rights with the Middle District of Florida from its inception in 1962 to 1968. Beginning with the survey of the state of Florida’s racial heritage within the context of state-sanctioned segregation as made legal through the Plessy v. Ferguson case the chapter includes the reaction of the political and legal establishment to the Brown decision and the subsequent federal civil rights legislation of the 1960s. Jacksonville’s growth and the social and economic context for its civil rights and desegregation conflicts in the 1960s are covered. The role of the federal court in addressing plaintiff’s civil rights complaints is covered. Extensive coverage of the court’s role during the St. Augustine uprising is also included. A survey of the court’s first cases under the new Civil Rights Act (1964) is included. The chapter concludes with a survey of post-Brown Supreme Court rulings affecting desegregation, and covers litigation in Duval, Orange, Pinellas, Lee, and Polk counties to 1968. Finally, the chapter focuses on Florida’s tortured path toward redistricting and the court’s adjudication of complaints under federal cases such as Baker v. Carr (1962), Reynolds v. Sims (1964), and Swann v. Adams (1967).

Keywords:   Brown v. Board of Education, Topeka, Kansas, Civil Rights Act, Desegregation, Jacksonville, Bryan Simpson, NAACP, St. Augustine Uprising, Martin Luther King, Pork Choppers

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