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Fifty Years of JusticeA History of the U.S. District Court for the Middle District of Florida$
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James M. Denham

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780813060491

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: January 2016

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813060491.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use.date: 28 September 2021

Adjudicating Equality Continues

Adjudicating Equality Continues

The Middle District and School Desegregation, 1968–1976

(p.74) 4 Adjudicating Equality Continues
Fifty Years of Justice

James M. Denham

University Press of Florida

This chapter includes an extended narrative and analysis of civil rights with the Middle District of Florida from 1968 to 1976. The federal judicial context during the Nixon-Ford Years is addressed as well as the advent of the Burger court, especially its ruling regarding civil rights, busing, and desegregation, beginning with Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, 1971. Judges’ rulings in desegregation cases in Pinellas, Sarasota, Hillsborough, Lee, Polk, Manatee, and Duval are discussed. Florida elected officials’ (both local and state wide) reactions to these rulings are included. Receiving significant treatment is Governor Claude Kirk’s challenging of the court’s Manatee County School desegregation order and Judge Ben Krentzman’s handing of it—including the Nixon Administration’s finesse of the subject within his campaign for re-election in 1972. The chapter covers Gerald Tjoflat’s appointment by Richard Nixon and his masterful handling of the Duval desegregation plan within months after his being sworn in.

Keywords:   Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, 1971, Desegregation, Richard Nixon, Burger Court, Claude Kirk, Reubin Askew, Lawton Chiles, Gerald Tjoflat, Manatee County Crisis, Mims v. Duval County School Board

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