The conclusion considers the implications of the geopoetic method laid out in the book that seeks to historicize the spatial strategies of literary texts—even experimental poetic ones—in the context of the reigning geographic epistemologies of the day. The conclusion demonstrates the usefulness of this method by briefly considering environmental determinism in relation to another text, T. S. Eliot’s The Waste Land, in addition to gesturing to the interplay between poetic modernism and two other geographic paradigms of the first half of the twentieth century: the possibilism and regionalism of Carl Sauer in relation to William Carlos Williams’ Paterson, and the academic development of geopolitics (specifically, the Italian version of it, spazio vitale) in relation to Ezra Pound’s Pisan Cantos. In these brief considerations of modernist poetic texts, we can observe writers using geography and form together to generate political interventions along multiple scales of identification: for the individually authorized artist, for culture, and for larger collectivities of the nation, transnation, and globe.
Keywords: Joseph Frank, American studies, environmental determinism, T. S. Eliot, The Waste Land, William Carlos Williams, Paterson, Carl Sauer, possibilism, Ezra Pound, The Pisan Cantos, spazio vitale, geopolitics
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