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Ancient Maya Cities of the Eastern Lowlands$
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Brett A. Houk

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780813060637

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2015

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813060637.001.0001

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The Setting in Space and Time

The Setting in Space and Time

(p.46) 3 The Setting in Space and Time
Ancient Maya Cities of the Eastern Lowlands

Brett A. Houk

Marilyn A. Masson

Michael E. Smith

John W. Janusek

University Press of Florida

This chapter is directed primarily at the non-Maya scholar reading this book; it provides summaries of the geography of the Maya area, Maya cultural history, and Classic period Maya political history. The physical setting of the Maya area fundamentally affected the development of Maya culture and urbanism, and the summary in this chapter highlights the physiographic diversity that characterizes the Maya lowlands. In many books culture history and political history are blended together, but they are separated here to mirror the structure of the case studies that follow in Chapters 5 through 9. The culture history discussion is divided into sections on the Archaic, Preclassic, Classic, and Postclassic periods. The summary of political history describes how the Maya recorded time using the Tzolk’in, Haab, and Long Count calendars, and summarizes what is know about major political events and people of the Classic period based on epigraphic data.

Keywords:   geography, Archaic, Preclassic, Classic, Postclassic, epigraphic data, Tzolk’in, Haab, Long Count

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