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Unequal Freedoms – Ethnicity, Race, and White Supremacy in Civil War-Era Charleston - Florida Scholarship Online
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Unequal Freedoms: Ethnicity, Race, and White Supremacy in Civil War-Era Charleston

Jeff Strickland


Charleston, South Carolina, was a cosmopolitan city during the mid-to-late nineteenth century. Germans, Irish, and a host of European and Latin American immigrants shared the same workplaces, neighborhoods, streets, residences, and even households. Charleston was a slave society, and its economy relied on the forced labor of thousands of slaves. Immigrants also worked as entrepreneurs, skilled artisans, and laborers. Immigrants and African Americans interacted on a daily basis, and their relations were often positive. White southerners found those positive relations threatening, and nativist s ... More

Keywords: German immigrants, Irish immigrants, African Americans, White Southerners, Black Southerners, White Supremacy, Slavery, Reconstruction, Confederacy, Charleston, South Carolina

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2015 Print ISBN-13: 9780813060798
Published to Florida Scholarship Online: January 2016 DOI:10.5744/florida/9780813060798.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Jeff Strickland, author
Montclair State University