Migration and Disruptions from Prehistory to the Present
The conclusion elaborates on the unifying conceptual framework of this volume. The extent to which migration in the present and past is a response to environmental, political, and economic disruptions is discussed. Chapters in this volume indicate that such disruptions are not automatic triggers of out-migration and various local contextual factors that increase a community’s level of vulnerability or resilience to disruptions must be examined. Other factors that need to be considered include factors that draw migrants to receiving societies as well as barriers that prevent migration. The extent to which migration is disruptive to receiving societies depends on its characteristics, its perceived disruptive impact, as well as the resilience of host societies to withstand disruptions. Although migratory inflows may be initially disruptive, receiving societies may return to the original status quo or be transformed in the long-term. Finally, future research directions are discussed.
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