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Race, Ideology, and the Decline of Caribbean Marxism$
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Anthony P. Maingot

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780813061061

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813061061.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use.date: 26 September 2021

Two Popular Theories of Caribbean Ideology and Race Relations

Two Popular Theories of Caribbean Ideology and Race Relations

Frantz Fanon’s Theory of Liberating Violence and the Theory of Plantation Societies

(p.121) 6 Two Popular Theories of Caribbean Ideology and Race Relations
Race, Ideology, and the Decline of Caribbean Marxism

Anthony P. Maingot

University Press of Florida

Without specific reference to Haiti, two theories of regional ideology were widely held and circulated throughout the Caribbean: those of the Martinican Frantz Fanon on one hand ans those of the New World Group on the other. Both dealt with Marxist ideologies and race. Fanon, in his Algerian War of Liberation phase, argued that only by “liberating violence” against the white colonist could the colonial colored man be freed from his complexes. As a psychiatrist, Fanon had diagnosed an inferiority complex in the colonial, a phenomenon he compared to wearing a white mask over a black skin. The New World Group argued that only with the total elimination of the plantation system and the white elite which governed it could the islands begin the process of develoment. Both theories have proven mistaken.

Keywords:   “liberating violence”, plantations system, Frantz Fanon, New World Group, colonial, white elite, inferiority complex, development, theories, mistaken

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