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Race, Ideology, and the Decline of Caribbean Marxism$
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Anthony P. Maingot

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780813061061

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813061061.001.0001

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What Type of Socialism?

What Type of Socialism?

Marxists and Social Democrats Vie for Leadership

(p.182) 8 What Type of Socialism?
Race, Ideology, and the Decline of Caribbean Marxism

Anthony P. Maingot

University Press of Florida

The Cuban Revolution had a significant influence on the whole Caribbean. It introduced Marxist ideas and organizational strategies into an area largely shaped by European-styled social democratic ideas. The clash between these two dominant ideologies heated up in the 1970s, largely led by Jamaica’s charismatic labor and party leader, Michael Manley. The social democrats and socialists defeated the Marxist parties in each of the many elections in the region, whether English, French, or Dutch Caribbean, because the people were attached to the ideas and practices of pluralist, electoral politics.

Keywords:   Marxist, social democrat, socialism, Michael Manley, electoral politics, pluralist

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