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In Defiance of BoundariesAnarchism in Latin American History$
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Geoffroy de Laforcade and Kirwin Shaffer

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780813061108

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813061108.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use.date: 16 October 2021

From Radicals to Heroes of the Republic

From Radicals to Heroes of the Republic

Anarchism and National Identity in Costa Rica, 1900–1977

Chapter:
(p.219) 9 From Radicals to Heroes of the Republic
Source:
In Defiance of Boundaries
Author(s):

David Díaz-Arias

Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:10.5744/florida/9780813061108.003.0009

This chapter examines a generation of young Costa Rican intellectuals of middle-class origin who embraced anarchist ideals and called for social revolution in the second decade of the twentieth century before being publicly embraced by liberal government authorities in the post–World War II era for their contributions to national culture and history. It argues that in order to transform these intellectual figures into national heroes, the state sanitized their biographies and expunged all memory of their radical and transformative platforms, emphasizing instead their contributions to a consensual national identity—including the authorship of the official Costa Rican national anthem.

Keywords:   Costa Rica, Anarchism, Intellectuals, Nationalism, Commemoration, Memory

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