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In Defiance of BoundariesAnarchism in Latin American History$
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Geoffroy de Laforcade and Kirwin Shaffer

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780813061108

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813061108.001.0001

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From Radicals to Heroes of the Republic

From Radicals to Heroes of the Republic

Anarchism and National Identity in Costa Rica, 1900–1977

(p.219) 9 From Radicals to Heroes of the Republic
In Defiance of Boundaries

David Díaz-Arias

University Press of Florida

This chapter examines a generation of young Costa Rican intellectuals of middle-class origin who embraced anarchist ideals and called for social revolution in the second decade of the twentieth century before being publicly embraced by liberal government authorities in the post–World War II era for their contributions to national culture and history. It argues that in order to transform these intellectual figures into national heroes, the state sanitized their biographies and expunged all memory of their radical and transformative platforms, emphasizing instead their contributions to a consensual national identity—including the authorship of the official Costa Rican national anthem.

Keywords:   Costa Rica, Anarchism, Intellectuals, Nationalism, Commemoration, Memory

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