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The Archaeology of EthnogenesisRace and Sexuality in Colonial San Francisco$
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Barbara L. Voss

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780813061252

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2015

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813061252.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use.date: 24 September 2021

From Artifacts to Ethnogenesis

From Artifacts to Ethnogenesis

Excavating El Presidio De San Francisco

(p.117) 5 From Artifacts to Ethnogenesis
The Archaeology of Ethnogenesis

Barbara L. Voss

University Press of Florida

This chapter discusses the methodology and findings of thirteen years of historical archaeology field research at the Presidio of San Francisco National Historic Landmark. The methods used in field investigations include predictive studies, archaeological monitoring, geophysical prospecting, pedestrian surveys, and excavations. The site poses specific methodological challenges because of its urban setting, the research design constraints of cultural resource management archaeology, and the varied field and laboratory methods used by different research teams. Rigorous attention to depositional processes, preservation biases, archaeological sampling, and research techniques is necessary. The resulting body of archaeological evidence documents quadrangle architecture, residential space, midden deposits, and extramural settlements. The accumulated information from these research programs provides a rich body of evidence about the colonial community that once lived in Spanish colonial San Francisco.

Keywords:   Historical archaeology, excavation, survey, methodology, urban archaeology, cultural resource management

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