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The Archaeology of EthnogenesisRace and Sexuality in Colonial San Francisco$
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Barbara L. Voss

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780813061252

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2015

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813061252.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use.date: 23 September 2021

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(p.147) 6 Sites of Identification
The Archaeology of Ethnogenesis

Barbara L. Voss

University Press of Florida

The strong relationship between Spanish colonial ethnogenesis and place is a reminder that the colonization of California was a transformation of spatial relations. The interplay between landscape and colonial ethnogenesis is studied on four interrelated scales. First, military regulations established defensive cordons and prescribed architectural master plans for military outposts. Second, the spatial organization of colonial military aggression removed the Presidio of San Francisco from the front lines of colonial violence. Third, the Presidio of San Francisco’s colonial landscape developed through the adaptation of official regulations to local needs; the spatial segregation of Native American material culture indicates the separation of living quarters for colonists and indigenous people. Fourth, the individual experience of landscape and identity is demonstrated through the life history of one colonial women, Juana Briones. This multi-scalar approach highlights the ongoing play between institution and community in the transformation of social identities.

Keywords:   Spanish colonial, California, ethnogenesis, identity, landscape, military, presidio, Native American, Juana Briones

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