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The Archaeology of EthnogenesisRace and Sexuality in Colonial San Francisco$
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Barbara L. Voss

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780813061252

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2015

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813061252.001.0001

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Consuming Practices

Consuming Practices


(p.233) 9 Consuming Practices
The Archaeology of Ethnogenesis

Barbara L. Voss

University Press of Florida

Meal sharing and food consumption were symbolic as well as functional practices for the Spanish-colonial residents of the Presidio of San Francisco. The diet and cuisine of the settlers is reconstructed through historical research (memoires, requisitions, and invoices), zooarchaeology (animal bone and shell) and archaeobotany (preserved plant specimens). The results showed that colonial settlers relied heavily on beef, supplementing their diet with chickens, sheep, goat, and wild game. However, shellfish, which was easily available on the local bayshore, was not widely eaten. Wheat, corn, and beans were supplemented by some edible wild plants. Ceramic analysis indicates that most foods were prepared for households or other small social groups. The military settlers shared a common practice of preparing liquid based foods such stews, soups, gruels, and atoles.

Keywords:   Spanish-colonial, diet, cuisine, archaeobotany, zooarchaeology, ceramic analysis, foodways

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