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The Archaeology of EthnogenesisRace and Sexuality in Colonial San Francisco$
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Barbara L. Voss

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780813061252

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2015

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813061252.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use.date: 18 September 2021

Fashioning the Colonial Subject

Fashioning the Colonial Subject


(p.252) 10 Fashioning the Colonial Subject
The Archaeology of Ethnogenesis

Barbara L. Voss

University Press of Florida

At the Presidio of San Francisco, dress was a central practice involved in the process of Spanish-colonial ethnogenesis. Many studies of identity transformation in the Spanish Americas have suggested that clothing was a means through which people could transform their identity. However, the artifacts and archives of the Presidio of San Francisco point instead towards the central role of colonial institutions in ‘fashioning’ colonial subjects. Government-issue clothing functioned as a social leveler among the new Californios. Both archaeological and documentary evidence shows that colonial men negotiated their relative status with one another through practices and discourses of dress. The dress worn by women and children is not as well understood. The absence of objects of apparel associated with Native Californians suggest that the colonists chose not to incorporate Native Californian dress in their bodily routines.

Keywords:   Spanish-colonial, Ethnogenesis, Presidio, Clothing, Apparel, Fashion

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