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White Sand Black BeachCivil Rights, Public Space, and Miami's Virginia Key$
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Gregory W. Bush

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780813062648

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813062648.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use.date: 24 September 2021

Island Pleasures

Island Pleasures

Memories of African American Life at Virginia Key Beach

(p.83) 3 Island Pleasures
White Sand Black Beach

Gregory W. Bush

University Press of Florida

Virginia Key Beach Park opened as a segregated beach in August 1945. In the next several decades it became a major gathering place for African Americans from Miami’s Dade County as well as countless tourists, hosting numerous famous entertainers as well as religious services, weddings, concerts, and picnics which were all held in the park. Over time, the park gained a carousel, a miniature train for kids, a concession stand, and cabanas. It provided an important place to experience nature and became the largest—though segregated—space for African-American social life in Florida. The primary documents in this chapter are oral history testimonies completed in the past ten years that show how the park provided local identity for Miami area blacks while they continued to battle for civil rights. The power of these memories sustained a strong sense of pride in the black community and became an important element in reviving the park after 1999, the subject of chapter 7.

Keywords:   Virginia Key Beach Park, Miami, Florida, Segregated, Oral history, Civil rights, Black community

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