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White Sand Black BeachCivil Rights, Public Space, and Miami's Virginia Key$
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Gregory W. Bush

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780813062648

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813062648.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use.date: 30 July 2021

Public Land by the Sea

Public Land by the Sea

Developing Virginia Key, 1945–1976

(p.148) 5 Public Land by the Sea
White Sand Black Beach

Gregory W. Bush

University Press of Florida

By the end of World War II, though Miami’s business leaders saw Virginia Key as largely unused land and sought developments including airport and seaport facilities connected to the mainland by a causeway, the multi-jurisdictional nature of Virginia Key and conflicting political interests between the County and City of Miami, Miami Beach, and Key Biscayne led to failure in creating any coherent plan for the island. Eventual developments included a County wastewater treatment plant, the University of Miami’s marine science school and other research facilities, Seaquarium (a marine theme park), and a marine stadium, all on leased county land. Privatization of public waterfront land also increased alongside the popularity of air conditioning, television, and the modern culture of tourism and mobility, speed and spectacle, coming to reflect a weak sense of place in the region. In the 1960s, environmentalists organized to thwart the development of an oil refinery, eventually establishing Biscayne National Park. By the mid 1970s, after African Americans had gained full access to beaches, Virginia Key beach lost its popularity and became a forlorn park, set up to be closed, as memories of early struggles for access dimmed and funding for operations declined.

Keywords:   Virginia Key, Miami, Biscayne National Park, Public land

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