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White Sand Black Beach – Civil Rights, Public Space, and Miami's Virginia Key - Florida Scholarship Online
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White Sand Black Beach: Civil Rights, Public Space, and Miami's Virginia Key

Gregory W. Bush


The unique story and current state of public space in southern Florida are interwoven with the history of segregation. Virginia Key Beach provides a lens for examining the interaction of notions of space, race, and capitalism. The first legally recognized beach for African Americans in South Florida, it became an important place of community which nurtured further civil rights activism until African Americans achieved access to all beaches—after which many viewed Virginia Key Beach as symbolic of an oppressive past and ceased to patronize it. At the same time, white leaders responded to desegr ... More

Keywords: Public space, Segregation, Virginia Key Beach, Civil rights, Parks, Miami, Grassroots activists, Place

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2016 Print ISBN-13: 9780813062648
Published to Florida Scholarship Online: January 2017 DOI:10.5744/florida/9780813062648.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Gregory W. Bush, author
University of Miami